VITAMIN A / RETINOID
Vitamin A and retinoid is basically the same thing. In the bottom layers of the skin where the cells are produced in the dermis layer, it will regenerate new cells and this will push out the old ones to the surface. Our skin sheds normally after a period of 30 days. What a retinoid does is that it reduces the number of days that takes the skin to shed. For a retinoid, it takes 14-21 days to increase cell turnover. Beginners should first use retinol which can be found in stores, unlike retinoid which has to be prescribed by a dermatologist. Retinol is less stronger than retinoid. Our skin will take time to adapt to the retinol. Retinoid or vitamin a is the strongest of the three vitamins a, b and c. Start using retinol only after the age of 20.
VITAMIN B3 / NIACINAMIDE
Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3. Vitamin B3 is one of the best forms of B vitamins for your skin. Niacinamide helps support skin clarity, improve the appearance of large pores, tames oiliness, known to support skin hydration, evens out skin tone and promote collagen for firm youthful skin. Niacinamide is a stable ingredient so you don’t have to worry about mixing it with other ingredients. Foods rich in niacinamide are yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, beans, and cereal grains, etc.
VITAMIN C / ASCORBIC ACID
Vitamin c helps lighten, tighten and brighten the skin. Vitamin a b and c are all antioxidants. Antioxidants help fight our body and skin from free radicals. Free radicals are environmental aggressors which are hard on the skin and body. Eating vitamin c rich food like citrus fruits can help increase vitamin c in the body and skin. Also, vitamin c boosts your immunity system. In addition to its antioxidant properties, vitamin c regulates the synthesis of the structural protein collagen. Thus increasing collagen helps in the repair of damaged skin. Collagen helps the skin cells to renew and repair themselves, it also helps to keep the skin moist.
Things to remember
Don’t use all these vitamins together. Use one vitamin each day and make sure to wear sunscreen on top. Vitamin c and sunscreen together form a greater protection additive which will completely protect the skin. You get the most out of your sunscreen when you pair it with vitamin c. Niacinamide is a stable ingredient so you don’t have to worry about mixing it with other products but vitamin a and c cannot be used with all kinds of products. Make sure that you research the possibility of any harmful reactions from the products that you use and use it accordingly. Mixing products wrongly can cause really bad effects on your skin.